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Ask anyone: I’m downright evangelical about revision. I preach it; I do it; sometimes I even dream it. But there was one thing I always thought: a story (or poem or novel), once published, gets to go in the “best I could at the time” file, abandoned, which means you don’t have to revise it anymore. Arguably, you could continue to revise the same story for the rest of your life, and perhaps even in the afterlife. If there is one. Or even if not. (Memo to Tess Gallagher & co.) This holds true, often, when a poet or story writer goes back to edit a collection. As Tobias Wolff said somewhere at some time, when he collected his stories, he wanted to change much more than he changed. He limited himself to changing just the most cringe-worthy words and phrases. It was an act of modesty and restraint.
Well, the other day, after tearing through my room for a lost letter, I found an old half-read McSweeney’s. One of the stories I hadn’t read before was “Retreat” by Wells Tower. (Sorry that you’re getting unwanted access to the mission derailment that typically occurs when I seek to do something like find a letter.) I wouldn’t have thought twice about it, except that I’m reading the new collection by Wells Tower right now, Everything Ravaged, Everything Burned, and I had just read (and enjoyed) “Retreat.” Well, it turns out that in the months after Tower published his story in McSweeney’s, not exactly a basement rag, he put the story through a major revision, changed POV, kept the overall flow and plot of the story, but pretty significantly altered the characters, their names, and the thematic undertones of the story. See for yourself:
So you can see that Alan became Stephen, slightly less sympathetic than our first-person narrator; also, a third character, George (previously Bob) transformed from a flakey aging hippie to a rugged-and-revered-if-eccentric father figure. The story’s “motor” changed, too, focusing much more on Matthew’s desire for a home (represented by place + his brother), for a father figure in George. While I’m sure everyone would have a different take on which story they prefer, narratively and thematically, the newly published version seems much stronger to me.
This is really bad news for my resolve to let published stories stew in their imperfection for eternity. I don’t need this. And I never did find that letter.